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Interested in raising chickens? Ok here you go. Raising Chickens 101 series—a beginner’s guide in 6 chapters. We’ll talk about how to get started raising chickens, choosing a chicken breed, building a coop, raising chicks, chicken care, collecting and storing eggs, and more. Signature Poultry has forty years of experience raising chickens, ducks, geese and turkeys on there farm.
Learn how to build a chicken coop for your backyard. Here’s a beginner’s guide to building a chicken coop! (This is the third post in our Raising Chickens 101 series.) How to Build a Backyard Chicken Coop The housing for your chickens can be as simple or fancy as your imagination and budget permit. The basic criteria will be dictated by the birds. Our Chicken Coop Plans and Designs First, decide on the size. You will need 2 square feet of floor space per chicken, and one nest box for every.
HOW TO BUILD A BACKYARD CHICKEN COOP
The housing for your chickens can be as simple or fancy as your imagination and budget permit. The basic criteria will be dictated by the birds.
Chicken Coop Plans and Designs
- First, decide on the size. You will need 2 square feet of floor space per chicken, and one nest box for every three hens. Nest
boxes should be about a foot square. For larger breeds such as Jersey Giants, allow an additional square foot of floor space per bird.
- Sketch the chicken coop on paper, with measurements.
- It might be helpful to mark the ground where the coop will be erected, taking into consideration its location relative to the sun
(southern exposure ensures greater warmth and sunlight); any nearby structures (will you attach it to a garage or barn?); and the need for a run, fenced or not (more on that in a moment). Build your
coop and run on high ground to avoid battling water and mud problems!
- Do not forget to include a door and a floor in the plans. A door can be as simple as a piece of plywood on a frame of 1-by-2s,
with hinges and a simple latch—make it large enough for you to enter and exit easily with eggs in hand or a basket. A dirt floor is perfectly adequate. However, if you build a wooden floor, plan to
raise it 6 inches off the ground. A third option is poured concrete, if your time and budget allow. Also consider whether you will bring electricity into the coop: A low-watt bulb will prolong the
day during winter months and keep egg production figures constant.
- Coop ventilation is more important than insulation. Plan to have openings near the ceiling for air circulation. (While chickens
enjoy moderate—around 55°F—temperatures, ours survived nicely in the barn through –40°F winters. Their feathers kept them warm.) Also plan to install a couple of 1½-inch dowels across the upper part
of the coop; this will enable the chickens to roost off the floor at night.
Building the Chicken Coop
- When you’re ready, bring your plans to the lumber yard. Someone there can help you determine how much stock and what tools and/or equipment you will need. Plan to frame the
chicken coop with 2-by-4s and use sheets of plywood for the walls. The roof can be a sheet of plywood covered with roof shingles, or simply a piece of sheet metal.
- A 5x20-foot run will keep a small flock—six to eight hens—happy. More space is better if you have the room. If predators are a problem in your area, bury a layer of chicken
wire 6 inches deep under the coop and run to foil diggers like foxes, dogs, and skunks. Mink and weasels can slip through standard 2-inch wire. To keep them out, use a couple of 2-inch layers offset
or 1-inch wire instead. Plug any holes in the coop walls as well.
- You’ll need to accessorize the chicken coop, at least rudimentarily: Waterers, available from farm suppliers, keep the chickens from fouling their water supply. Get one for every three or four chickens. Also get a feed trough long enough to let all of the chickens feed at once (or get two smaller ones). Have enough wood shavings (pine) or straw to put a 6-inch layer on the floor and a couple of handfuls in each nest box and your chickens will have a perfect home. Change the bedding about once a month or if it starts looking flat.
Remember, a chicken coop doesn’t need to be complicated. Our first one was a small shed built with recycled wood. The run was screened in chicken wire and built onto the side of our house. It wasn’t pretty, but it did the job. Just keep in mind the two simple rules, “Measure twice, cut once,” and “Pointy end down,” and both you and your hens will be happy.
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